Thread: Keto diet

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    #31
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    Ideally you first look to your garden and then go to market most days and base menus on what is the freshest, in season. Almost impossible for almost all of us.


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    #32
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    Quote Originally Posted by filmguy123 View Post
    Adding to that I think understanding that not all calories are created equal is what cracks the code for a lot of people. 2000 calories of lean chicken breast vs 2000 calories of white bread is not the same.
    While I agree that not all calories are created equal, I think it's helpful to understand, especially when dieting, that all calories ARE basically created equal when it comes to losing and gaining weight. Our bodies will convert anything we throw at it into extra weight if we eat more calories than we burn every day.

    About 18 years ago, I lost about 50 pounds by eating Hot Pockets and other microwavable garbage almost every single day (with some healthy food on top of that.) I had gotten a gym membership to lose weight, but I quickly realized how long it took on a treadmill to just burn a few hundred calories. I realized that my time was better spent cutting back on calories. So, I limited myself to about 1200-1500 calories a day and the weight quickly came off.

    Like intermittent fasting, you have to get used to being a little hungry at times, but it's not that hard once you do it for a bit.

    On the flip side, if you do exercise a lot, you can get away with eating more calories. Weight loss is just going to happen if you eat less calories than your body uses. (We are not perpetual motion machines - our bodies follow thermodynamics.)

    Good calories are definitely better for your overall health and may keep you feeling fuller, longer, but in terms of overall weight gain and loss, it's simply a numbers game.
    Last edited by Joshua Cadmium; 02-04-2021 at 09:00 PM.


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    #33
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    Also, another way to burn extra calories is actually to just lower the heat and shiver them off. You can burn a few hundred extra calories by just being in a cold environment and not wearing extra clothes. If you can fall asleep in a colder than average environment, you can literally lose weight while sleeping. https://time.com/5025694/does-being-cold-burn-calories/


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    #34
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    Quote Originally Posted by ahalpert View Post
    I think it's really important to listen to your body's cravings and eat that or the healthier version of that
    Yes, this is what I do too.

    It's tedious and error-prone to calculate which micronutritent I need at the moment. (Do I need more Vitamin C or potassium? And to get that, should I eat a banana or an avocado?) On the other hand, I was quick to pick up which macronutrient I craved, since there are only 3: protein, fat, or carb.

    For example, if I'm hungry, the idea of a chicken breast (high protein, low fat, no carbs) might still seem repulsive, but a glass of orange juice (no protein, no fat, high carbs) might sound just what the doctor ordered. Other times, the opposite.

    If a ribeye sounds good, then I'm craving both protein and fat. Maybe I'll eat a steak, or maybe I will seek healthier alternatives of each.

    If only fat sounds good, then I might try to get it from something healthier than a stick of butter, like nuts (which is so counterintuitive to me that they are high in fat) or an avocado (also mindblowing that a vegetable could have fat, but these are the things you learn when you read those food-swap websites).

    So yeah, you kind of half-listen to your cravings. There is a kernel of truth to them. So if I feel like candy, it would be dumb to eat candy, but it would also be dumb to try to force myself to eat lean chicken breast. I would still have the same cravings afterward. So I would try to go for some healthier carb, like fruit, oatmeal, etc.

    ---

    I am not perfect, and I still have junk food sometimes. Then again, I am not losing weight, just kind of holding steady (usually).
    Last edited by combatentropy; 02-04-2021 at 09:12 PM.


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    #35
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    Quote Originally Posted by Eric Coughlin View Post
    Anyone tried keto? Thoughts on it?
    I'm a big fan. You get to eat filling, tasty meals, and the weight just falls off. Granted I'm a fat tooth, rather than a sweet tooth - so I'm maybe a little more pre-disposed to it. But it's one of the few diets that I've tried that I've not ended up breaking from and gorging myself for relief.

    That said, once you've used keto to bring your weight down to wherever you want it, I'd suggest transitioning to a Low GI diet instead. Which is more manageable, and offers most of the same benefits that keto does (reduced inflammation, less afternoon carb-enduced brain fog etc.).


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    #36
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    In terms of new diets vs. old diets - a maximum caloric intake was nigh necessary during the majority of a human existence. We ate when we had a chance because malnutrition was a greater concern than any weight related complications. That same goes for the "banned items" such as salt and sugar.

    Side story - a few years ago, I was watching a Russian neorealist TV series set in a modern Moscow high school. The cameras were hand held and much of the dialog was improvised by the actors off the scripted outlines. There was a scene where the high schoolers are standing in line outside a food kiosk. A female purchases a chocolate bar and explains to her friends, "My doctor says I need to up my caloric intake".

    Now, that might sound insane to an American ... but ... during WWII, my mother's family escaped from Minsk in June, 1941 and ended up in the near Urals, not far from Perm. Food was scarce and everyone suffered from malnutrition. In 1943, the Soviets began to receive food shipments from the USA via the Land Lease. Mom said that the American chocolate bars may have saved her life. Later in life, she became rather overweight. When we talked about her years in the near Urals, she'd say, "We had no food. We were starving every day. On the positive side, no one was suffering from diabetes".


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    #37
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    Quote Originally Posted by Joshua Cadmium View Post
    While I agree that not all calories are created equal, I think it's helpful to understand, especially when dieting, that all calories ARE basically created equal when it comes to losing and gaining weight. Our bodies will convert anything we throw at it into extra weight if we eat more calories than we burn every day... Good calories are definitely better for your overall health and may keep you feeling fuller, longer, but in terms of overall weight gain and loss, it's simply a numbers game.
    The idea with macronutrient breakdowns of say 40/40/20 (or whatever you select) is based on your target calories (i.e. 2000 - assuming that is a deficit from total calories burned per day). That would be if your goal is fat loss only.

    But the idea that calories are only a numbers game has been contested, there was a study by Kekwick and Pawan that compared three different focus groups with identical calorie intake and controls for physical activity. I doubt it's perfect but it showed very clear differences.

    Group @ 90% fat calories = .9lbs/day weight loss
    Group @ 90% protein calories = .6lbs/day weight loss
    Group @ 90% carbs = 0.24lbs/day weight GAIN

    The body's hormonal responses to carbs, fat, and protein are different.

    Ketosis is based around some of this, but as others pointed it out, it can be difficult to sustain and it is not free of downsides.

    What has worked well for my personal lifestyle/goals/body's response has been focusing on muscle growth as a source of weight loss.

    This is favorable because increasing protein intake paired with resistance training (weight lifting) spurs muscle growth, which then increases resting metabolic rate (remember seeing the calorie count climb slowly by running at the gym? Forget that! Make your body burn a few more hundred calories everyday by having more muscle mass and sitting at the computer editing).

    The other big metabolic boost is HIIT which is why 7 minute workout can be so effective. It's not going to help you so much if you are training for a marathon as it doesn't focus on endurance, rather on boosting metabolism, but HIIT + resistance training + protein to support muscle growth *changes body composition*.

    For me, in the past I had tried to lose weight by just focusing on dropping pounds. After some researched I learned converting fat into muscle so that it burns body fat was highly recommended. The side benefits to this of course is better posture, stronger muscles, etc. etc. A changed body composition. Another benefit to this approach is that once you reach your fat loss goal (cutting), you can eat more calories per day as long as they consistent of a lot of protein and as long as you are lifting heavy weights (bulking). The protein will convert to muscle growth instead of fat growth. So for me, once I drop pounds, I lift heavy weights - and am much more free to eat what I like (I like high protein foods like meats so this works great for me). But it's not just protein I can eat more, it's everything, because more muscle mass = more resting calories burned per day.

    Coming full circle....

    Keto is great as you can see from the study above. But it's also great not just by focusing on fat, but because it cuts out processed foods and cuts out sugars and fast/white carbs. But so do other things! Overall I think it can be very limiting and less sustainable, unless of course you prefer this dietary choice as a lifestyle. One pitfall of it that I see is it doesn't support muscle growth nearly as well as a higher protein diet (assuming you are willing to weight lift) which kills your "passive income stream" of free caloric burning. I think long-term, overall, you can see more dietary freedom with a 40/40/20 (complex carbs/lean protein/monounsaturated fat) macronutrient blend. Some people go even higher on protein, dropping carbs down to 30 or even 20.

    Anecdote - family member called me frustrated on her weight loss goals a few years ago. She was following weight watchers, walking 5 miles a day, and hit a plateau. She just couldn't lose weight! It had been months. I asked her what she was eating, and she was eating a lot of fruit and not much protein. She said "But fruit is free!" (or only 1 point or something - she was referring to the weight watchers guide). I said "sure but humor me - cut the fruit out despite what they say, and have it very sparingly for dessert. Eat way more protein. Do a light weight 10lbs lifting routine. Leave everything else the same". Two weeks later she was losing weight again.

    In short, it's always about your personal goals... but calories are definitely more than just a numbers game! That was the official line for a long time, but once I realized this it changed the game for me.

    Again, YMMV!


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    #38
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    Really depends on the fruit and how much...too vague of an example to pinpoint what and if anything else changed in her life (including the benefits of the new 10lb workout which could have been the plateau-breaking variable).

    Because unless you're eating bananas and cups of raisins all day every day, rarely does any human ever eat enough fruit for it to majorly have an impact on weight gain. IMO, you'd really have to be standing still most of the week, lol.

    Personally, I also think it's a numbers game for most people, especially if they are exerting themselves.

    The mentality and understanding of physical activity is also worth noting. Some have very low-standard, low-quality workouts because it's not something they are used to doing, which affect their personal journeys.

    So when someone complains about not losing weight, it's like...well because the 10lb curls you do for 20 minutes isn't exercise, ha.


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    #39
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    Another issue that may have not been mentioned is the interplay between stress and diet.

    Before I had kids, I naturally did intermittent fasting. I wouldn't eat in the morning until I got hungry, and usually not until well after that since I'm lazy. Boom intermittent fasting.

    But now I often need to make them food which means the food is already around and there's no obstacle to eating it. And when I'm under stress, which the kids are good at causing, food can become a response to that.

    When you're eating and you're not even hungry, you're really screwing yourself over.

    Theoretically, you shouldn't even need to intentionally exercise. You'll just lower your caloric intake in parallel with diminished exertion. (Although some diet people say that boosting dietary vitamin and micronutrient levels is positive, and eating more due to increased exercise can boost those levels).

    Not sure if these have been mentioned yet either - dietary aids (vinegar, lemon juice), fermented foods (kimchi, yogurt), organ meats (liver), bone broth


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    #40
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    I have an opposite opinion on fruits (and it doesn't just come from spending summers at a micro farm in my youth). A fruit displaces a non-fruit as body craves for volume. Additionally, fruits provide the necessary vitamins. So, I believe that eating an apple, a banana and an orange a day is greatly beneficial to one's health.

    Additionally, fruits contains juices/acids that react with our intestines. Finish your pizza and then bite on a couple of plums and your body will process the combined intake far differently than if you had the same pizza with a six pack.


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